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Pair work and group work

الموضوع في 'ملتقى اللغة الانجليزية' بواسطة ahmed28, بتاريخ ‏2012-03-29.


  1. ahmed28

    ahmed28 تربوي جديد عضو ملتقى المعلمين

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    ‏2012-03-29
    teacher of english

    Pair work and group work
    Introduction
    Pair work and group work are aspects of the course which may not be new to many

    teachers. They form an essential part of the course, focusing as they do on maximum communication.
    At the beginning of the usual lessons the pupils practice under the teachers` direct control. This includes dull work, individual and choral repetition and teacher to pupil questioning. These have always happened in language classrooms and they continue with a communicative approach. However, if practice is limited to this stage, each pupil cannot hope to use the language very much in each lesson; only with chorus with the rest of the class, or when his or her turn to be asked by the teacher comes up. This does not satisfy the aim of using the language for communication that forms part of the approach of the course.
    In order to help all the pupils get a real opportunity to communicate, to use the language for a purpose, and to practice for a far longer time the language they are learning, use pair work and group work. The amount of time a pupil is actually doing something with the language will obviously increase greatly; for example, in one minute a teacher can ask four or five questions to individual pupils. With pair work, half the class can ask the other half four or five questions in the same minute.

    What are pair work and group wor
    k?
    By pair work we mean a situation where two pupils get together to do a particular task. There are two types of pair work:
    a) OPEN PAIR WORK
    That is when pupils in two's are asked to perform a particular task in front of the rest of the class.

    b) CLOSED PAIR WORK
    That is when the whole class is divided up into two's and works simultaneously.
    This latter exercise allows all pupils, even the shy ones, to say at least something during the period of a lesson. It also allows the teacher to wonder around the classroom getting an idea of the individual collective ability of the class.



    Group work

    By group work we mean a situation where more than two pupils get together to perform a particular task.
    The teacher's book sometimes indicates when pair work and group work are to be used. However, the convenient time to use them is left to the teacher's own discretion and according to the nature of the tasks in hand.

    Why should we use pair and group work?

    Pair work and group work have many advantages in the language classroom. We can summarize the as following:
    a) It maximizes the pupils` USE OF LANGUAGE and gives them the opportunity to practice it.
    b) Talking quietly with friends is A NATURAL WAY TO USE LANGUAGE, whereas standing and answer at the teacher is not.
    c) The pupils get MORE INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION. If a pupil or pupils are having difficulty, the teacher can help them while the rest of the class continues with the activity.
    d) It INDIVIDUALIZES THE LEARNING PROSS: groups can be working on different, but related tasks, and afterwards each can report back to the others.
    e) Pupils can learn to WORK BY THEMSELVES and not to rely on the teacher all the time. This prepares them for the time they leave school and have to work by themselves.
    f) Pupils, especially shy ones , are MORE RELAXED and are more willing to offer an answer if the teacher does not hear his or her mistakes.
    g) If a pupil does not understand something he or she is often MORE WILLING to ask his or her friend than the teacher for help.
    h) It ADDS VARIETY to the lesson and is an enjoyable way to learn.

    How can it be set up?

    In practical terms, pair work and group work are not difficult to organize. In pair work pupils, pupils simply turn to the person beside, behind or in front of them. You must decide the organization first and set the pattern so that the pupils know who to turn to.
    For group work, it is worth spending some time training your pupils to form their groups as quickly and as quietly as possible.




    Preparing for group work
    :

    For group work to be fully effective, the teacher must prepare the class properly.
    Below are some points to remember:
    A) Preparation:
    Before you set the task the pupils must be able to cope with the language. Make sure they know the necessary vocabulary, functions and structures, through teaching, revising and controlled practice.

    B) Instructions:
    First get the pupils full attention. Give short, clear instructions and make sure everyone understands exactly what is required. They should be thought out carefully in advance: a lot of lesson time can be wasted through the confusion caused by unclear instructions. Arabic can be used for instructions if the level of the class or the complexity of the task make the use of English too difficult.

    C) During the activity:
    The teacher should move discreetly around the class, but he or she should be careful not to interfere by over-correcting or by giving answers. Where help is needed, the teacher should act as a group member, and try to get the pupils help themselves and eachother.

    D) Feedback:
    At this stage the pupils report back to the rest of the class on what they have achieved. Again, call everyone's attention back to you, before asking the groups to report through their spokesmen. Everybody should listen so ask occasional questions, or ask for comments from other groups.








    Prepared by
    Mr. Ahmed .S. Hammad