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Classroom Management and Organization

الموضوع في 'ملتقى اللغة الانجليزية' بواسطة ツأميمة الأحمديツ, بتاريخ ‏2011-02-17.


  1. ツأميمة الأحمديツ

    ツأميمة الأحمديツ عضوية تميّز عضو مميز

    601
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    ‏2010-05-05
    معلمة لغة انجليزيه
    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    If you want to be a good teacher , you should know how to manage your classroom first and this will help you much in your performance inside classroom and I hope this topic benefit you because you will find many things in it easy for apply :
    Classroom Management and Organization:



    The following topic aims at helping teachers to become proficient in classroom management
    and organization.
    1. Establishing a Positive Climate
    2. Organizing Your Classroom
    3. Developing Rules, Routines, and Procedures
    4. Assigning and Managing Work
    5. Preparing for Instruction
    6. Managing Behavior
    7. Maintaining Momentumالعزيمة
    Why Have a Plan?
    Teacher success inside classroom depends on the ability of the teacher to manage the cl classroom . Effective classroom organization and management during the first few weeks

    of school are important in determining expectations, behavior patterns, and procedures
    that will continue during the school year.
    Classroom management, student discipline, and issues related to organization are among
    the most common problems which teachers face in their first years .
    classroom organization and management must lead to two ends:
    1. To encourage student involvement and cooperation in all classroom activities
    2. To establish a productive working environment.
    Successful teachers know how to make the environment inside classroom effective and attractive.
    Room arrangements and displays must be attractive, but also functional. Teachers should use materials other than خلافtextbooks and workbooks. If teachers begin collecting andorganizing these items before school begins, planning will be better and richer .
    What is Effective Classroom Management?
    effective classroom management consists of teacher behaviors that produce high levels of student involvement in classroom activities, less amounts of student behavior that interfere with the teacher’s or other students’ work, and efficient use of time .
    Teachers who are effective classroom managers have:
    · Planned rules and procedures carefully
    · Systematically taught these to students
    · Organized instruction to maximize student task engagement and success
    · Communicated directions and expectations to students.
    A well-managed classroom is a task-oriented and predictable environment. Harry Wong, 1998.

    In this environment, students understand what is expected and how to succeed. Work is focused on learning and students are able to achieve the objectives.
    When students understand the rules and procedures, they can follow with the expectations and know what is supposed to happen in the classroom. They also know what consequences will occur when the expectations are not met.
    What Do We Need to Know About Students?
    To manage a classroom effectively, it is important for teachers to understand the child and adolescence فترة المراهقة growth and developments and also students’ cultural difference is essential
    for establishing an effective and positive learning environment.
    An effective teacher understands child growth and development.
    · Children develop through predictable stages.
    · Growth is deeply influenced by culture, personality, and environment.
    · Social and physical development and intelligence do not proceed for all children at the same rate.
    An effective teacher understands issues that affect adolescent growth and behavior.
    · Children need to feel valued.
    · Learners need to have fun and freedom.
    · Learning needs to be practical and applicable.
    · Mistakes arise from inexperience.
    · Peer pressure is intense for teens.
    · Emotional energy in teens runs high.
    An effective teacher recognizes cognitiveمعرفي and cultural diversityاختلاف.
    · Students learn through different modalities, styles, and a variety of multiple intelligences.
    · Learning is affected by students’ cultural perceptions إدراكand background experiences.

    1- Creating a Positive Climate
    When students feel safe, secure, and are engaged, learning increases. Learning decreases when students feel threatened or unchallenged
    Promote and Maintain High Expectations
    · Announce and post statements that communicate high expectations.
    · Reinforce high expectations through consistency.
    · Celebrate success.
    · Establish respect.
    Know Your Students
    · Activate prior knowledge in activities,
    · Ensure learning opportunities promote diversity and offer multicultural perspectives on issues and experiences.
    Engage All Students in the Learning Process
    · Develop a system to ensure all students are called on and have an opportunity to participate.
    My special comment on creating a positive climate

    Certainly positive and friendly climate inside classroom increases learning .As you know when students are afraid of their teacher , they hate his period and participation and what they do only , is that they wait the moment when the period comes to an end .Also when you treat your students in a kind and friendly way and you encourage them all the time, you motivate them and you notice great progress in their level . We should involve all our students in our activity in a way that all students pay attention. When students expect certain students to participate in activities , they become lazy and make noise .also your reaction towards students positive or negative behaviour should be the same . Establishing an atmosphere of love, kindness ,and respect between teachers and students
    is the essence of classroom management







    3-Developing Rules, Routines, and Procedures

    It is important for an effective teacher to have rules and procedures in class for students and that students fully understand the working expectations. Class rules should be alignedتتوافق مع with both the school’s plan and the school system’s code of student behaviours.
    Create and Communicate (Verbally and in Writing) Fair Expectations
    · Create a number of rules (three to five) that are clear, specific, and stated positively.
    · Involve students in the process of understanding, developing, and establishing rules and procedures.
    · Reinforce rules by practising them with students.
    Develop Routines and Procedures for Tasks that Occur Regularly
    · Identify specific activities and develop a step-by-step procedure for completing the activity .
    · Practise these procedures with students.
    Set Up a System of Specific Consequences and Rewards
    · Be sure consequences are reasonable and logical to the situation.
    · Be consistent and fair in applying consequences


    My own commentAs we know there is a confusion among some words in methodology but a way from methodology , I want to tell you simply from my point of view that :procedures are the series of steps you follow in a regular , organized way to do something .for example when you teach a listening text , you should follow the same steps in teaching it in every unit . this will help weak students to know what they will do in this task because this will lead to a routine or the exercise becomes usual for them.A technique is a special way of doing something or completing a specific task. for example when you teach students a certain word you can use drawing ( drawing here is a technique of explaining the word)Routine means that when you do something every day ,it will become a habit and a usual thing . So when you set up a routine of organizing your period and activities (the same things you do as usual )this will make your students understand and expect what they will do.An approachisdealing with something in a certain way to achieve a certain goal or result . For example we use communicative approach in teaching English. I can say that an approach is the umbrella which covers techniques , procedures , ..etc and this is to achieve an ultimate goal .


    Setting classroom rules. At the beginning of the year , ask students to work in small groups to write down rules they think are reasonable regarding the classroom behaviours and the consequences for breaking the rules. Collect and write up a summary of the ideas on a large sheet of paper . Ask students to vote to accept the rules and make a final copy to be hung in the classroom . If the rules come from students , they will be willing to follow them .


    · point of view about this point
    FirstAs long as students select these rules,they will follow themSecondIf they break rules,ask them to tell you ways of punishmentThirdIf they break these rulesdeprive them from some activities they likeor a role they likee.g., the leader, spokespersonEstablish routines . Starting the class with the class agenda on the board can help students prepare for the day’s class . Set up signals that the students understand – for quiet , for silence and so on .


    · Teach students to show their respect for others by listening to what they have to say in group work or when they are reporting to the whole class.
    *****
    As we know ,if we use these ways of punishment with secondary school students , we reward them by this and they will insist on breaking the rules in this way .
    Why do they break rules or class discipline ? For many reasons all teachers know these reasons.
    So how can we punish secondary school students who break the rules inside classroom
     
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